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Grenada: the island of nutmeg and other spices

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The Isle of Grenada (Commonwealth of Grenada) is a constitutional monarchy associated with the British Commonwealth. The island is located in the Lesser Antilles, between the Caribbean Sea to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, north of Trinidad and Tobago, and south of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.


The state is formed by the island of Grenada and the Southern Grenadines (Carriacou, Ronde Island, Petit Martinique, etc.). The capital and main port is the town of Saint George’s located along the southwestern coast of Grenada.

The island of Grenada (311 sq km) is a mountainous island of volcanic origin, the highest mountain being Mount St. Catherine (840 meters). The island is the southernmost of the Windward Islands. The coasts are steep along the western part, while the eastern coasts go down to the sea in a gentler way.

In the Grenadines archipelago among those belonging to Grenada, the largest island is Carriacou (33 sq km), also an island of volcanic origin. The other Grenadines islands belonging to the state are Ronde Island and Petit Martinique.

The economy of the islands is based on agriculture. There are produced nutmeg (of which Granada is the second largest producer in the world), and other spices such as cinnamon, cloves and ginger, and then cocoa, citrus fruits, bananas, coconuts, sugar cane. Other resources are fishing and tourism.

The climate of Grenada and the Grenadines.

  • Area: 344 sqkm. (Arable 33%, Pastures 3%, Forests and Woodlands 9%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 55%)
  • Population: 111,000 (2019 data) (Africans 82%, Mulattos (descendants of European and African) 12%, Asians 3%, European 3%).
  • State Capital: Saint George’s.
  • Language: Official language is English. Spoken also a English-Creole and a French-Creole (15%).
  • Religion: Christian 99% (Catholic 53%, Protestant 46% (Anglican 13%).
  • Currency: East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
  • Time: UTC -4 hours.



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