The island of Grenada (Commonwealth of Grenada) is a constitutional monarchy associated with the British Commonwealth, located in the Lesser Antilles, between the Caribbean Sea to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, north of Trinidad and Tobago, and south of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
The state consists of the island of Grenada and the Southern Grenadines (Carriacou, Ronde Island, Petit Martinique, etc..), the capital and main port is the town of Saint George’s located along the southwestern coast of Grenada.
The island of Grenada (311 square kilometres) is a mountainous island of volcanic origin, the highest mountain is the Mount St. Catherine (840 metres). In the Grenadines among those belonging to Grenada, the largest island is Carriacou (33 sq km), also an island of volcanic origin, other islands are Ronde Island and Petit Martinique. The island of Grenada is the most southerly of the Windward Islands. The coasts of Grenada are steep and craggy along the western part, while the eastern coast go down to the sea in the sweetest way.
The economy of the islands is based on agriculture, there are produced nutmeg (of which Granada is the second largest world producer), and other spices like cinnamon, cloves and ginger, then cocoa, citrus fruits, bananas, nuts coconut, cane sugar, other resources are fishing and tourism.
- Area: 344 sqkm. (Arable 33%, Pastures 3%, Forests and Woodlands 9%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 55%)
- Population: 110,000 (2005 data) (Africans 82%, Mulattos (descendants of European and African) 12%, Asians 3%, European 3%).
- State Capital: Saint George’s.
- Language: Official language is English. Spoken also a English-Creole and a French-Creole (15%).
- Religion: Christian 99% (Catholic 53%, Protestant 46% (Anglican 13%).
- Currency: East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
- Time: UTC -4 hours.
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