Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines) is a constitutional monarchy associated with the British Commonwealth, the state, located in the Lesser Antilles, between the Caribbean Sea to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, lies north of Grenada and south of Saint Lucia, it’s formed from Saint Vincent and the northern Grenadines (Bequia, Petite Nevis, Quatre, Bettowia, Baliceaux, Mustique, Petite Mustique, Savan, Petite Canouan, Canouan, Mayreau, Tobago Cays, Union Island, Petit Saint Vincent, Palm Island), the capital is the city of Kingstown located along the southern coast of the island of Saint Vincent.
Both Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are volcanic in origin, the island of Saint Vincent, almost entirely mountainous, is dominated by the active volcano Soufrière (1,234 metres), the highest mountain in the country.
The economy of the islands is based on Agriculture (bananas, nutmeg, mace, coconuts, cotton, sugar cane, arrowroot, a particular kind of starch, of which Saint Vincent is the world’s leading producer), breeding, financial activities and fishing. Growing is tourism, especially in the Grenadines Islands.
The island of Saint Vincent was discovered in 1498 by Christopher Columbus during his third trip, but due to the aggressiveness of the Caribbean who lived there was not colonized. Only at the beginning of the eighteenth century, the island was occupied by the French, who began the work of having to set up plantations with slaves transported from Africa. At the end of the eighteenth century, the island came under the control of the United Kingdom.
- Area: 389 sqkm. (Arable 28%, Pastures 5%, Forests and Woodlands 36%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 31%)
- Population: 110,000 (agg. 2006) (Blacks 82%, Mixed 14%, Asian 3%, Whites 1%).
- State Capital: Kingstown.
- Language: Official language is English. Spoken a Creole English.
- Religion: Protestant 80% (Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%), Catholic 13%.
- Currency: East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
- Time: UTC -4 hours.
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