East Timor (Timor Leste) is a small state in Southeast Asia with the capital Dili. This country is a former Portuguese colony that became independent of Indonesia in 2002. The country occupies the eastern portion of the island of Timor in the Small Sunda Islands. In addition, the Ocussi-Ambeno enclave (815 sq km) and the islets of Atauro (142 sq km) and Jaco (10 sq km) also belong to the nation.
A COUNTRY OF RECENT INDEPENDENCE
The majority of the population of East Timor live in the area around the city of Dili, along the northern coast of the island. The official languages of East Timor are Portuguese and Tetum. East Timor, along with the Philippines, is the only Asian country to have the majority of the population of Christian religion, in fact 94% of the population professes the Catholic religion.
The island of Timor is very mountainous, a central mountain range divides the island. The coasts do not have many creeks especially to the south. The vegetation of the country is largely made up of savanna contains trees, there are eucalyptus trees and along the rivers the gallery forest.
The territory of the country is rather mountainous, the highest peak is Mount Tata Mailau (2,950 metres). East Timor is one of the poorest countries in the world, but recently have been found large deposits of oil and natural gas within the territorial waters of the country, their exploitation began in 2005.
The economy of East Timor is primarily agricultural, there are grown coffee, coconuts, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava, sweet potatoes, pineapple, nutmeg. The official currency of the country is the U.S. dollar, on the island circulate also East Timorese centavos coins.
- Area: 15,007 sqkm.
- Population: 947,000 (2005 data)
- State Capital: Dili.
- Languages: Official language are Portuguese and Tetum.
- Religion: Christian 94% (Roman Catholic 91%, Protestant 3%), Muslim 4%.
- Currency: USA Dollar (USD)
- Time: UTC +9 hours.
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