The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a presidential republic that occupies the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola (after Cuba, the second island of Great Antilles in size, 76,480 square km) it borders to the west with Haiti, while is separate to the east from Puerto Rico by Mona channel, the country has for capital the city of Santo Domingo. The territory of the country is mainly mountainous, the most important mountain chain is the Cordillera Central, which crosses the island from north-east to south-west, it rises above 3,000 metres with the Pico Duarte (3,098 metres), which is the highest peak in all of the Antilles.
On the island there are other three mountain ranges, to the north is the Cordillera Septentrional, which slightly exceeds the 1,200, while south of the Cordillera Central are the Sierra de Neiba, which rises above 2,200 metres, and the Sierra de Bahoruco. The island is rich in fertile land and rivers, including between the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera Septentrional, is the Cibao Valley, which together with the south-eastern coastal plain, is the most fertile area of the country.
The economy of the Dominican Republic is based on agriculture (sugar cane, tobacco, bananas, coffee, rice, cocoa, maize, tomatoes, pineapples, coconuts) and on tourism, interesting are also subsoil resources (bauxite, nickel, iron, gold, silver and rock salt), not developed breeding livestock (cattle, pigs) and fishing.
- Area: 48,730 sqkm. (Arable 30%, Pastures 43%, Forests and Woodlands 12%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 15%)
- Population: 9,760,000 (2007 data) (Mulattos (descendants of European and African) 73%, Europeans 16%, Africans 11%.
- State Capital: Santo Domingo.
- Language: Official language is Spanish
- Religion: Roman Catholic 95%; Protestant 5%.
- Currency: Peso (DOP)
- Time: UTC -4 hours.
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