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Bhutan: mountainous country rich in Buddhist monasteries

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Bhutan (Druk Yul) is a small Asian-Himalayan monarchy state, located on the southern-eastern Himalaya, which borders to the north and north-west with China, to the east, south and south-west with India, it’s capital is the city of Thimphu. The country is wedged between China and India along the mountain spurs of the Eastern Himalayas.

The territory of Bhutan is formed almost exclusively by mountains, only to the south, near the border with India is a flat area, heading to the north, the territory is characterized by plateaus and mountains that rise above 3,000 meters in this area live the majority of the population of Bhutan.

In the far north of the country, along the border with China, rise the mountains of the Himalayas which in various points exceed 7,000 meters. In this area is the highest mountain in Bhutan, the Gangkhar Puensum (7,570 meters).

The country is economically dependent on India, at the base of the poor economy are agriculture (rice, wheat, millet, barley, corn, potatoes and fruit are produced) and livestock (cattle, yak, sheep are bred). The textile industry and the exploitation of timber have a certain importance.


The tourism sector is increasingly relevant. Bhutan is known as the happiest country in the world. The country’s landscape ranges from the lush subtropical plains of the south to the sub-alpine mountains of the Himalayas in the north. The most visited destinations by tourists are located in the capital Thimphu, and in the city of Paro. The Paro Taktshang monastery (called “Tiger’s Nest” in English) overlooking the Paro valley, is one of the attractions of the country.

The climate of Bhutan.

  • Area: 47,000 sqkm. (Arable 3%, Pastures 6%, Forests and Woodlands 66%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 25%)
  • Population: 672,000 (2005 data) (Bhutanese 74%, Nepalese 35%)
  • State Capital: Thimphu.
  • Languages: The official language is Dzongkha.
  • Religion: Buddhist 75%, Hinduist 24%, Christian 1%.
  • Currency: Ngultrum (BTN) and also Indian Rupee (INR)
  • Time: UTC +6 hours.



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