Antigua and Barbuda (Antigua and Barbuda ) is a constitutional monarchy associated with the British Commonwealth, the state is made up of three islands that lie between Guadeloupe, Montserrat and St. Kitts, in the northern group of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles. The state of Antigua and Barbuda is formed by the inhabited islands of Antigua (280 sq km) and Barbuda ( 160.5 sq km) and the uninhabited island of Redonda (1.5 sq km) as well as other small islands and reefs.
The island of Antigua, which is full of coves and beaches, is an island of volcanic origin, but mostly flat with small hills in its southwestern part, which reaches 402 meters with Mount Boggy Peak. Even Barbuda is a low island (62 m) but of coral origin, while Redonda (1.5 sq km) is a small volcanic island that rises up to 296 meters high.
The islands’ population is overwhelmingly of African descent, a few are mulattoes and even fewer are Europeans. The people speak a creole language based on English, but the official language is standard English. The religion of the majority of the inhabitants of the two islands is the Christian Protestant, Catholics are a minority.
The state capital is St. John’s, a large port located in north-west coast of Antigua. The islands’ economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture (cotton, bananas, vegetables and sugar cane), fishing (lobster) and financial assets.
- Area: 442 sqkm. (Arable 18%, Pastures 9%, Forests and Woodlands 11%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 62%)
- Population: 82,000 (2005 data) (Africans 93%, Mulattos (descendants of European and African) 5%, Europeans 2%).
- State Capital: Saint John’s.
- Language: Official language is English. Used a English-Creole.
- Religion: Protestant 90%; Roman Catholic 10%.
- Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
- Time: UTC -4 hours.
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