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Singapore: city-state and economic and commercial center

Singapore (Xinjiapo Gongheguo, Republik Singapura, Singapur Kudiyarasu), is a small parliamentary republic of South-East Asia, former English colony today associated with the British Commonwealth, with the capital Singapore.

The country lies one degree north of the equator, and is formed from the island of the same name, separated by the channel of Johor from the extreme southern tip of the peninsula of Malacca (Malaysia), to the south is the Straits of Singapore which separates from the Indonesian archipelago of Riau.

The island of Singapore is almost completely flat, with small elevations in the central part of up to 164 metres with the Bukit Timah hill. Singapore, due to its geographical position, is one of the most important ports in the world and one of the largest financial, banking, economic and trade centres in south-east Asia. Agriculture is unimportant because of the scarcity of agricultural land available, there are grown coconut palm, rubber, tobacco and orchids. A certain importance is coated by farming and fishery sectors. The industries are developed in the mechanical, textile, petrochemical, shipbuilding, electronics and pharmaceuticals fields. Tourism in recent years has taken a significant importance in the country economy.


Singapore is a popular travel destination, making tourism one of its largest industries. In 2010, 9.1 million tourists visited the coutry.

Orchard Road district, which is dominated by multi-storey shopping centres and hotels, is the centre of tourism in the city, other tourist attractions are the Zoo and its Night Safari; the tourist island of Sentosa; the Jurong Bird Park; the Botanical Gardens that includes the National Orchid collection with over 3000 types of orchids; the historical Boat Quay and Clarke Quay.

The cultural diversity that reflects its colonial history and Chinese, Malay, Indian and Arab ethnicities is another important attraction, the cuisine of Singapore is a prime example of the ethnic diversity of the culture of Singapore.

The government organises the Singapore Food Festival in July annually to celebrate Singapore’s cuisine. There are also several interesting museums in Singapore: The National Museum of Singapore (the museum focuses on exhibits related to the history of Singapore), the Asian Civilisations Museums at Empress Place Building and Old Tao Nan School (the museum specialises in the history of China, Southeast Asia, South Asia and West Asia), and the Singapore Art Museum (Singaporean and Southeast Asian visual artworks).

FLIGHT INFORMATION: Singapore is served by the Changi Airport that is a major aviation hub in Asia, particularly in the Southeast Asian region, and is the main stop-over point for the Australian route. In 2010, the airport handled a record of more than 42 million passengers, this made it the 18th busiest airport in the world and the fifth busiest in Asia by passenger traffic.

  • Area: 704 sqkm. (Arable 8%, Pastures 0%, Forests and Woodlands 5%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 87%)
  • Population: 4,680,000 (2007 data) (Chinese 76.8%, Malaysian 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, Europeans 1,4% (Census 2000))
  • State Capital: Singapore.
  • Languages: Official languages are Chinese, Malay, Tamil and English.
  • Religion: Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Christian 14.6%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4% (Census 2000).
  • Currency: Singapore Dollar (SGD)
  • Time: UTC +8 hours

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