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Saint Lucia: mountain landscapes and volcanoes

The island of Saint Lucia is a parliamentary monarchy associated with the British Commonwealth, the state, located in the Lesser Antilles, between the Caribbean Sea to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, north of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and south of Martinique, it has for the capital and main port the city of Castries located along the north-west coast of the island.

Saint Lucia is mountainous and volcanic origin, along the southwestern coast has two characteristic volcanic peaks Gros Piton (770 metres) and Petit Piton (743 metres), while the highest peak of the island is Mount Gimie (950 metres). The economy is based on agriculture (bananas, cocoa, citrus fruits and coconuts), the chemical and food industry, fisheries and tourism.

The island of Saint Lucia was explored by the Spanish in the early sixteenth century, but the first European settlements were established there in the mid-seventeenth century by French and English. The island was subject to bitter disputes between the English and French, but until the end of the eighteenth century the French were those that for the longest time had control. With the Napoleonic wars Saint Lucia finally became part of the British possessions. The French influence is still present, however, 90/95% of the population speaks French Creole as their mother tongue.

  • Area: 616 sqkm. (Arable 29%, Pastures 5%, Forests and Woodlands 13%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 53%)
  • Population: 160,000 (2005 data) (Africans 90%, Mulattos (descendants of European and African) 5%, Asians 3%, Europeans 1%).
  • State Capital: Castries.
  • Language: Official language is English. Spoken also a French-Creole (90/95%).
  • Religion: Christian 93% (Catholic 70%, Protestant 23% (Adventist 7%, Pentecostal 6%, Anglican 2%, Evangelic 2%), Rastafari 2%.
  • Currency: East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
  • Time: UTC -4 hours.

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