Saint Kitts and Nevis (Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis) is an independent state within the British Commonwealth located in the Caribbean, in the Lesser Antilles, situated between the Netherlands Antilles, Montserrat, Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Barthelemy.
The country is composed of the islands of Saint Kitts (Saint Christopher, 176 sq. km) and Nevis (93 sq km), the capital is the city of Basseterre located along the southwestern coast of Saint Kitts. Both islands are of volcanic formation, the island of Nevis is dominated by Nevis Peak (985 metres), but the highest peak is Mount Liamuiga (Mount Misery, 1,156 metres) on the island of St. Kitts.
In the seventeenth century on the island of Saint Christopher were founded the first British and French colonies in the Caribbean. For several centuries, the islands were disputed between France and the United Kingdom, it was only in 1783 that the islands became a British colony permanently. The islands were used for centuries for the cultivation of sugar cane, on this crop were used slaves from Africa.
This forced migration from Africa has meant that today the vast majority of the inhabitants of the two islands is African (90%), the rest of the population is made up of mulattos (5%), Asian (3%) and European (1 %). The country’s economy is based on agriculture (sugar cane, cotton, molasses, fruit, coconut trees and vegetables), fishing, financial assets and tourism.
- Area: 269 sqkm. (Arable 39%, Pastures 3%, Forests and Woodlands 17%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 41%)
- Population: 40,000 (2006 data) (Blacks 90%, Mulattos (descendants of European and African) 5%, Asian 3%, Whites 1%).
- State Capital: Basseterre (Saint Kitts).
- Language: Official language is English.
- Religion: Christian (Protestant 90%, Catholic 10%).
- Currency: East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
- Time: UTC -4 hours.
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