The island of Jamaica (Jamaica) is located in the Caribbean Sea south of Cuba and west of Hispaniola (Haiti). This is an independent state associated with the British Commonwealth. The island has as its capital the city of Kingston which stands along the south-east coast.
A MOUNTAIN ISLAND
Jamaica (10,991 sq km) is the third largest island in the Greater Antilles, after Cuba and Hispaniola. The island is mountainous in nature. In fact, a vast plateau occupies a large part of the island. Morphologically, the island is characterized by limestone mountain formations including the Blue Mountains chain, where the Blue Mountain Peak (2,256 m) is located, the highest mountain on the island.
The island has a massive and compact appearance. The plateau that forms most of the island has an average altitude of around 500 meters. Along the southern coast the coasts of Jamaica are low and sandy with lagoons and small bays and coral islands such as the Pedros Cayos. The northern coast of Jamaica is high, rocky and overlooks a deep sea.
The economy of the island is based on agriculture. It produces sugar cane, tobacco, coffee, citrus fruits, bananas, coconut palm, cocoa, and various types of spices, including ginger and Jamaica pepper. Bauxite deposits are noteworthy among the subsoil resources, Jamaica is among the first world producers. Finally tourism and the mining and manufacturing industry are highly developed.
- Area: 10,991 sqkm. (Arable 20%, Pastures 23%, Forests and Woodlands 17%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 40%)
- Population: 2,900,000 (2018 data) (Africans 90%, Mulattos (descendants of European and African) 7%, Asian 2%, Europeans 0,2%).
- State Capital: Kingston.
- Language: Official language is English.
- Religion: Protestant 60% (Church of God 21%, Adventist 9%, Baptist 9%, Pentecostal 8%, Anglican 5%, Methodist 3%, United Church 3%), Rastafari 35%, Catholic 4%.
- Currency: Jamaican Dollar (JMD)
- Time: UTC -5 hours.
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