El Salvador (República de El Salvador) is a presidential rebubblic of Central America bordering to the east and north with Honduras to the north-west with Guatemala and faces the Pacific Ocean to the south, the capital is the city of San Salvador. El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated country of Central America.
The territory where today is the current El Salvador was occupied by the Spanish conquistadors in 1524. After centuries of Spanish rule in 1823, El Salvador became part of the United Provinces of Central America. In 1841 the country became an independent republic.
The area is characterized by a central plateau, fertile and well-cultivated, with an average altitude around 600 meters, and two mountain chains of volcanic origin, the northern chain is the Sierra Madre, which runs along the border with Honduras, here is the highest mountain in the country, Cerro El Pital (2,730 metres).
The southern chain, which runs along the Pacific coast, is made up of numerous volcanic cones between these: Chingo Volcano (1,775 metres), Izalco Volcano (1,954 meters), Santa Ana Volcano (the highest volcano in the country, 2,381 metres), San Miguel Volcano (2,130 meters), San Salvador Volcano (1,893 meters), San Vicente Volcano (2,182 metres).
El Salvador economy is based on agriculture (coffee, cotton, sugar cane, maize, rice, beans, tobacco, citrus fruits, sesame), a certain importance is also coated in breeding (cattle), industrial activity is linked to the processing of agricultural products (food industries, sugar, tobacco, beer, cotton).
- Area: 21,041 sqkm. (Arable 35%, Pastures 29%, Forests and Woodlands 5%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 31%)
- Population: 5,800,000 (2007 data) (Mestizos (descendants of European and Amerindians) 90%, Whites 9%, Amerindians 1%).
- State Capital: San Salvador.
- Language: Official language is Spanish.
- Religion: Roman Catholic 80%; Protestant 20%.
- Currency: American Dollar (USD)
- Time: UTC -6 hours
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