Slovenia is a small country, but rich in diversity, there are karst landscapes of great beauty, such as those of Postojna and Škocjan, alpine lakes, such as those of Bled and Bohinj, and pristine alpine peaks as Mount Triglav in the Julian Alps.
From the artistic point of view it is clear the Habsburg influence in the historic centers of the interior, such as, for example, in the cities of Ljubljana and Maribor. While along the coast of Istria the Venetian influence is striking in places such as the historic centers of Koper and Piran.
The capital Ljubljana is a concentration of palaces and baroque buildings, museums and cultural centers, theaters and art galleries, in the capital is still noticeable the influence of the Habsburg rule. This influence is also visible in other cities in Slovenia, as the country’s second city, Maribor, that during the Austrian period was called Marburg, and the nearby town of Ptuj, that has a rich historic center. Around Ljubljana there are other interesting historic towns such as Škofja Loka and Kamnik, while to the south-east of Ljubljana, in the direction of Zagreb and the Croatian border is the small historic town of Kostanjevica na Krki with a beautiful Cistercian monastery.
Along the Istrian coast of Slovenia there are three beautiful medieval towns, Koper (Capodistria), Piran (Pirano) and Izola (Isola d’Istria), where the influence of Venice is clearly visible in art, architecture and language, in these three towns of the Italian language is the official language alongside the Slovenian. Inside the small village of Hrastovlje (Cristoglie), a few km from Koper, the Romanesque church of the Holy Trinity has wonderful frescoes of the fifteenth century.
The natural wonders of the Slovenian Karst, in particular the spectacular caves of Postojna and Škocjan, the latter included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, are among the most visited tourist attractions in Slovenia. The Triglav National Park (Triglavski narodni park) is another place where nature is spectacular, based on the highest mountain in the Julian Alps, Mount Triglav, the park contains alpine lakes of glacial origin, including the beautiful lake Bohinj and the valley of seven lakes, peaks and majestic limestone mountains, rivers and waterfalls such as those of Savica, all in an unspoilt natural setting.
All around the Triglav park are some of the most popular tourist destinations in Slovenia as the Alpine lake of Bled with a small island in the center, or the winter sports resort of Kranjska Gora, and the beautiful medieval town of Radovljica. In this area there are also places made famous by the First World War as the small village of Caporetto (Kobarid).
Anyone who loves horses and riding should certainly visit Lipica (Lipizza), a small town close to the border with Italy, world famous for being the place where the Habsburgs were breed, from the sixteenth century, the Lipizzan horses a selected breed of horses performance. The farm of Lipica is always active and can be visited.
The spas are another reason to visit the country, south of Maribor, on the border with Croatia, is the best known and most famous spa in Slovenia, the town of Rogaška Slatina, further south is the spa town of Šmarješke Toplice. At the north-east, on the border with Austria, is another known spa resort, Radenci. Slovenia is also a destination for gamblers, in fact the country has numerous casinos intensely frequented by fans.
For lovers of archeology is to visit the small town of Šempeter v Savinjski dolini, located between Ljubljana to Maribor, where there are the remains of an important Roman necropolis with tombs and remains of altars. For lovers of industrial archeology and architecture of mining the mining town of Idrija is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.