Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon (Collectivité territorial de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon) is a French territorial collectivity formed by two larger islands (Saint-Pierre and Miquelon), and by small rocks and islets that are located around the island Saint-Pierre: Grand Colombier, Petit Colombier, Île aux Marins (Ile aux Chiens), Île aux Pigeons and Île aux Vainqueurs.
The small French possession in the Atlantic Ocean south of Newfoundland, it’s all that remains of the vast empire that France had in America during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and which at the time of the peak stretched from the St. Lawrence River to the Mississippi River.
The largest island is Miquelon (216 sq km), but it is not the most populated. The island is formed from the three territories (Le Cap, Miquelon (Grande Miquelon), and Langlade (Petite Miquelon)), joined together by banks sand.
The most populated island is Saint-Pierre (26 sq km) where is the port of Saint-Pierre, the capital of the territory. Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon has an economy based primarily on fishing and tourism.
- Area: 242 sqkm.
- Population: 6,125 (5,509 In the municipality of Saint-Pierre and the other 616 in the municipality of Miquelon-Langlade) (2006 data).
- State Capital: Saint-Pierre.
- Language: French.
- Religion: Roman Catholic.
- Currency: Euro (EUR)
- Time: UTC -2 hours (Summer (DST) -3 hours).
This post is also available in: German