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Abu Simbel, Egypt. Author MatthiasKabel. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike
Abu Simbel, Egypt. Author MatthiasKabel

Egypt climate: when to go to Egypt

The Egyptian climate has two seasons, a mild winter between November and April and a hot and dry summer from May to October. The country is mostly desert, only on the narrow strip crossed by the River Nile are possible crops.

The area around Alexandria is the most rainy area of the country, but received only 200 mm of rain a year, the Cairo area has average rainfall of 100 mm, further south the rains are almost absent, for example Aswan receives 2 mm a year.

In the spring months, particularly in April, blows sometimes from the desert a warm wind, the sirocco (Khamsin) carrying large amounts of sand, causing intense storms of sand and a sharp rise in temperature.

In Alexandria, on the coast, the average minimum temperatures ranging between 9°C in January and 23°C in August, while the average maximum temperatures vary between 18°C in January and 30°C in August. Inside the temperature differences between the maximum and the minimum is more marked, for example Aswan as an average minimum temperatures ranging between 8°C in January and 26°C in July, while the average maximum temperatures vary between 23°C in January and 41°C in June.

Sphinx and Pyramids at Giza, Cairo, Egypt. Author Hamish2k. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike

Sphinx and Pyramids at Giza, Cairo, Egypt. Author Hamish2k

Sinai-Red Sea Climate: The climate of the Sinai peninsula is desertic, hot and dry, with rainfall almost totally absent. The average minimum temperature in Sharm el Sheikh vary between 13°C in January and 28°C in August, while the average maximum temperatures vary between 21°C in January and 37°C in August.

The average temperature of the Red Sea at Sharm el Sheikh varies between 22°C in February and 29°C in August.

WHEN TO GO TO EGYPT

The best time to go to Egypt are the months between October and March. As far as the coast of Sinai, the best months for a trip are those between March and May and between September and November.

EGYPT CLIMATE TABLES

CAIRO (23 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 9,0 18,9 5,0 3,5
February 9,7 20,4 3,8 2,7
March 11,6 23,5 3,8 1,9
April 14,6 28,3 1,1 0,9
May 17,7 32,0 0,5 0,5
June 20,1 33,9 0,1 0,1
July 22,0 34,7 0 0
August 22,1 34,2 0 0
September 20,5 32,6 0 0
October 17,4 29,2 0,7 0,5
November 14,1 24,8 3,8 1,3
December 10,4 20,3 5,9 2,8
YEAR 15,8 27,7 24,7 14,2
SHARM EL SHEIKH (46 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 13,3 21,7 0,5 0,3
February 13,7 22,4 0,2 0,1
March 16,1 25,1 1,2 0,5
April 20,1 29,8 0,2 0,1
May 23,8 33,9 0,5 0
June 26,5 37,0 0 0
July 26,7 37,5 0 0
August 28,0 37,5 0 0
September 26,5 35,4 0 0,1
October 23,4 31,5 0,8 0,4
November 18,9 27,0 3,3 0,4
December 15,0 23,2 0,5 0,3
YEAR 21,0 30,2 7,2 2,2
ASSUAN (193 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 8,7 22,9 0 0
February 10,2 25,2 0 0
March 13,8 29,5 0 0
April 18,9 34,9 0 0
May 23,0 38,9 0,1 0,1
June 25,2 41,4 0 0
July 26,0 41,1 0 0
August 25,8 40,9 0,7 0,5
September 24,0 39,3 0 0
October 20,6 35,9 0,6 0,2
November 15,0 29,1 0 0
December 10,5 24,3 0 0
YEAR 18,5 33,6 1,4 0,8
SHARM EL SHEIKH
Month Sea Water Temperature °C
January 23
February 22
March 23
April 25
May 27
June 28
July 28
August 29
September 28
October 27
November 26
December 25

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