Bolivia is an underdeveloped country also from the point of view of tourism, but the beauty of its landscapes and the customs and culture of its people dressed in multi-colored clothes are very yummy things for tourists in search of something special.
Bolivia has landscapes of all kinds: by the majestic peaks of the Andes, to the highlands – where missing literally the breath – to the tropical lowlands of Yungas. There are places like the highest capital in the world, one of the highest navigable lakes in the world, spectacular Andean landscapes like those of the Salar de Uyuni or the Laguna Verde, and also important archaeological remains as those of Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku). While in the city of Potosí is possible to see what was the most important silver mines throughout Spanish America, the Cerro Rico.
Bolivia has 7 sites inscribed by UNESCO in the World Heritage Site list: The first UNESCO site in Bolivia is the city of Potosí, it was inscribed in the list in 1987, in the following years, were added the Fort of Samaipata (Fuerte de Samaipata) (1998), the Historic City of Sucre (1991), the Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos (1990), the archaeological site of Tiwanaku (2000), the road system of the Andes (Qhapaq Ñan) (2014).
SALAR DE UYUNI
The Salar de Uyuni is the largest salt flat in the world measuring 10,580 square kilometers and is located at 3,656 meters above sea level, the Salar was formed by draining of an ancient lake and in its center there are a few “islands”, which are the remains of the tops of ancient volcanoes which were submerged when the salar was a lake.
The Laguna Verde is a small salt lake of Bolivia plateau which is located near the border with Chile at an altitude of about 4,300 meters and is dominated by the cone of the volcano Licancabur. The Laguna Verde is surrounded by spectacular volcanic landscapes and other salt lakes as the most extensive Laguna Blanca.
Lake Titicaca, which lies at a height of 3,811 meters, it is one of the highest navigable lakes in the world, and is home to the Uros, a pre-Inca population that still lives on artificial islands floating on the lake.
Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku) what is today the largest archaeological site in Bolivia, was between 600 and 800 AD one of the most important religious centers of South America. Located in the high Andes at 20 km from Lake Titicaca, the most famous building of Tiahuanaco is the enigmatic Gate of the Sun (Puerta del Sol). Tiahuanaco has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 2000.
Potosí was one of the most important centers of colonial Spanish America, the city was known for its silver mines. The mines of Cerro Rico were active between 1556 and 1783. Potosí has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1987.
La Paz, the administrative capital of Bolivia, situated at 3,660 meters above sea level is the highest capital in the world, the city is dominated by the Illimani peak (6,438 meters), the highest mountain in the Cordillera Real.
BOLIVIA LESS KNOWN
JESUIT MISSIONS OF CHIQUITOS
The Missions of the Chiquitos are located in eastern Bolivia, in the flat area of the country, they were founded by the Jesuits in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries to convert the Indians to Christianity, they represent a fusion of European and Amerindian cultural elements. The Missions of the Chiquitos are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990.
CAMINO A LOS YUNGAS
The Camino a Los Yungas is a legendary road that connects the cities of La Paz and Coroico, and passes in only 60 km from the 4,650 meters high of La Cumbre Pass to the 1,200 meters of the town of Coroico, is considered one of the most dangerous roads in the world, for this is called the road of death (camino de la muerte).
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