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Lake McDonald, Glacier National Park, Montana, United States of America. Author David Restivo, NPS. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution
Lake McDonald, Glacier National Park, Montana, United States of America. Author David Restivo, NPS

Montana: forests, mountains and prairies

Montana (Big Sky Country), is a landlocked state of the US north-western. The territory of the state is composed of a vast plateau called Great Plains that occupies the east-central part of the state. The Great Plains are cut by hills, valleys and isolated mountains, while to the west rise the mountain ranges of the Rocky Mountains.

It is a sparsely populated state, rich in natural areas, mountains, forests and grasslands, bordered to the north by Canada, to the west by Idaho, to the south by Wyoming and to the east by the North and South Dakota. Montana does not have big cities, the most important is Billings, the state capital is instead the small town of Helena.

The territory of Montana is crossed by the western section of the Rocky Mountains. Of these mountain ranges are part the Bitterroot Range and Lewis Range, where is the Glacier National Park, one of the most beautiful mountain parks of the United States.

Montana Map

Montana Map

The highest mountain in Montana is the Granite Peak (3,904 meters) located in the south of the country, in the Beartooth Mountains, not far from the border with Wyoming. Over 60% of the territory of the state is made up of flat plateaus, which are part of the Great Plains, they extend from the Rocky Mountains to the east, and are crossed by the Missouri River and its tributaries.

  • Area: 381,156 sq. km. (4th largest state of the United States of America)
  • Population: 970,000 (data 2008) (Whites 90.6%, Blacks 0.3%; Asian 0.5%, Amerindian 6.2%. Hispanics (classified into different racial types) are 2.0%. Data 2000).
  • State Capital: Helena.
  • Languages: The official language is English (spoken as a first language by 95,7% of the population). Spanish is spoken as a first language by 1,3% of the population. Data 2005).
  • Religion: Christian 78% (Roman Catholic (23%), Evangelical (26%), Protestant (21%), Mormon (5%), Jehovah’s Witnesses (2%)), Buddhist (1%).
  • Time zone: (UTC-7; Summer UTC-6).

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