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Blue Lagoon (Ölüdeniz), Fethiye, Turkey. Author Sevtap Ön. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution
Blue Lagoon (Ölüdeniz), Fethiye, Turkey. Author Sevtap Ön

Turkey climate: when to go to Turkey

Because of the vastness of the country and the significant differences in altitude, the climate of Turkey is varied. Along the Mediterranean coast is Mediterranean with low rainfall, while the interior is often semi-desert, along the Black Sea coast is instead very rainy.

The area affected by the Mediterranean climate that includes all along the Turkish coast overlooking this sea, is characterized by temperate climate that has warm summers with average maximum summer temperatures above 30°C, and mild winters with average maximum temperatures around 15°C and average minimum winter temperatures around 5°C/7°C.

Along the Mediterranean coast the rains are concentrated between November and February, reaching average values ​​of 500/700 mm annually.

Going in the interior of the country the climate tends to become drier, the climate continentality in fact takes over, in some areas the climate is the cold desert climate. In these areas, including the entire Anatolian plateau, there are large differences in seasonal temperatures and those between day and night, resulting in hot, dry summers and cold winters with snow and temperatures below zero.

Cappadocia, Turkey. Author Fe3Al2Si3O12. No Copyright

Cappadocia, Turkey. Author Fe3Al2Si3O12

The precipitation is low and varies between 300 mm in the plain of Konya, and 500 mm in other areas, there is relatively more rain in winter and spring months. As you move eastwards the climate becomes more extreme.

In the Pontic climate zone, ie along the shores of the Black Sea, the climate is characterized by heavy rain, it comes to values ​​of 2000 mm per year, well distributed in each month of the year, there are minor differences in seasonal temperatures with mild winters and summers.

The main tourist destination in Turkey, Istanbul, is located in a transitional area between the Mediterranean and the Pontic climate, the summers are relatively warm and dry, sometimes windy, with average summer temperatures ranging between 26°C and 18°C, while winters are rainy, sometimes even snow falls, and quite cold with average winter temperatures vary between 3°C and 11°C.

WHEN TO GO TO TURKEY

Turkey has an area for each season, the months between March and October are the best times to visit Istanbul and the Mediterranean coasts. The inland area of ​​the Anatolian regions, including Cappadocia, it is best to visit during the months between April and June and between September and October when temperatures are warm but not unbearable like in the months of July and August. In Eastern Turkey the summer months between June and September are the best for a trip. Along the Black Sea coast the best times are the months between April and September with relatively less rainfall.

Istanbul climate.

Alanya climate.

Antalya climate.

Fethiye climate.

TURKEY CLIMATE TABLES

ISTANBUL (39 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 3,2 8,5 105,0 17,5
February 3,1 9,0 78,0 15,3
March 4,2 10,8 70,8 13,8
April 7,7 15,4 45,2 10,4
May 12,1 20,0 34,1 8,1
June 16,5 24,6 35,0 6,1
July 19,5 26,6 31,6 4,2
August 20,1 26,8 40,7 4,9
September 16,8 23,7 59,5 7,4
October 13,0 19,1 90,0 11,3
November 8,9 14,7 101,3 13,2
December 5,5 10,8 122,0 17,2
YEAR 10,9 17,5 813,2 129,4

ANKARA (938 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January -3,0 4,4 42,1 12,3
February -2,2 6,6 36,6 11,0
March 0,9 11,6 40,3 11,1
April 5,6 17,3 46,5 11,7
May 9,7 22,2 52,0 12,6
June 13,0 26,6 36,7 8,9
July 15,9 30,2 14,2 3,7
August 16,0 30,3 10,9 2,8
September 11,8 26,0 18,7 3,9
October 7,2 19,8 29,1 6,9
November 2,4 12,9 32,0 8,4
December -0,7 6,6 43,1 11,5
YEAR 6,4 17,9 402,2 104,8

ANTALYA (30 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 5,9 14,9 234,2 12,3
February 6,2 15,5 160,7 10,8
March 8,0 18,0 96,8 9,0
April 11,2 21,3 46,2 7,2
May 15,0 25,5 30,0 5,6
June 19,6 30,9 9,6 2,9
July 22,7 34,2 2,2 1,4
August 22,7 34,2 2,5 1,4
September 19,3 31,2 12,3 2,3
October 15,2 26,6 67,7 5,8
November 10,6 21,1 131,9 7,5
December 7,5 16,6 263,3 12,0
YEAR 13,7 24,2 1057,4 78,2

ANTALYA
Month Sea Water Temperature °C
January 17
February 16
March 16
April 18
May 20
June 24
July 26
August 28
September 26
October 24
November 20
December 18

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