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Playa Cristal, Parque Tayrona, Santa Marta, Colombia. Author Hugo Quintero. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution
Playa Cristal, Parque Tayrona, Santa Marta, Colombia. Author Hugo Quintero

Colombia climate: when to go to Colombia

The climate of Colombia, because of proximity to the equator presents temperatures suffering only slight variations during the year, but they vary greatly depending on the height.

Caribbean Coast of Colombia climate

Along the Caribbean coast in the north of the country the climate is hot and tropical with a rainy season between May and November, the average annual rainfall stand around 2000-2500 mm, with average temperatures around 25°C, shifting to the east the climate becomes drier, in the extreme north-east of Colombia’s Guajira Peninsula, the climate is dry savanna, with rains during the month of April, and October to November, while the rest of the year the climate is dry, the average annual rainfall is 270 mm, while average temperatures are about 27°C.

The climate of Cartagena de Indias.

The climate of Barranquilla.

Pacific Coast of Colombia climate

The northern coast along the Pacific Ocean is affected by a tropical climate, rainy and humid all year round, making it one of the most rainy area of the Earth, with an average annual rainfall between 6000 and 3000 mm and average annual temperatures of about 23°C. Further south always along the Pacific coast the climate also has a short dry season for a couple of months.

Valle de Cocora, Colombia. Author McKay Savage. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution

Valle de Cocora, Colombia. Author McKay Savage

Andes of Colombia climate

In the Andean region there are usually two rainy seasons and two dry seasons, the two rainy seasons are in the months between April and June and between September and November, while the main dry period is during the months between December and March, the secondary shorter and less dry season is between July and August. The mountain regions have a climate that varies depending the height, are generally recognized three climatic zones: Tierra Caliente (below 900 meters), Tierra Templada (from 900 to 2,000 meters) and Tierra Fría (between 2000 and 3000 meters). Most of the Andean areas of the country are in the last two climatic zones. The Tierra Templata presents temperatures ranging between 18°C and 24°C with average annual rainfall of 1000-2500 mm, with two dry seasons between January and March and between July and September. The Tierra Fria, where is also the capital Bogota (2640 meters), has two rainy seasons between April and May and between September and December, with averages annual rainfall between 1000 mm and 2000 mm per year and average temperatures of 10°C-17°C.

The climate of Bogotá.

The climate of Medellín.

Los Llanos of Colombia climate

In central-eastern plains, called Los Llanos, there are two defined seasons a dry season between December and March and a wet and rainy season between April and November. In these regions the average annual rainfall varies between 1000-1800 mm, while average temperatures are about 23°C.

Amazon of Colombia climate

The Amazon area of Colombia is affected by a rainy and humid climate throughout the year with an average annual rainfall of about 2500 mm. The annual temperature averages is about 23°C.

WHEN TO GO TO COLOMBIA

The best time to travel to Colombia is certainly the dry season between December and March, or alternatively the months of July and August.

COLOMBIA CLIMATIC TABLES

BOGOTÁ (2640 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 7,6 20,2 50  9
February 8,4 20,3 68  12
March 9,5 20,4 91  14
April 9,7 20,1 135  18
May 9,7 20,0 120  19
June 9,5 19,2 54  17
July 9,2 18,6 35  15
August 8,9 18,8 45  14
September 8,7 19,2 70  16
October 9,0 19,5 137  21
November 9,2 19,6 127  16
December 8,0 19,9 81  11
YEAR 9,0 19,6 1012  181
CARTAGENA DE INDIAS (2 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 23,9 30,6 1,9  0
February 24,2 30,7 0,5  0
March 24,8 30,8 1,9  1
April 25,6 31,2 22  4
May 25,9 31,5 120,3  10
June 25,9 31,8 101,5  13
July 25,6 31,8 119,4  11
August 25,7 31,8 128,9  13
September 25,6 31,5 144,5  15
October 25,4 31,2 238,8  16
November 25,4 31,2 156,9  12
December 24,6 30,9 50,4  3
YEAR 25,2 31,2 1087  98

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